HIDING PLACE OVOID
Type: VASCULAR PLANTS (PLANTAE VASCULARES)
Department: POKRYTOSEMENNYE (FLORAL) (ANGIOSPERMAE (MAGNOLIOPHYTA))
Class: MONOCOTYLEDONOUS (LILIOPSIDY) (MONOCOTYLEDONES (LILIOPSIDA))
Order: YaTRYShNIKOTsVETNYE (ORCHIDALES)
Family: YaTRYShNIKOVYE (ORHIDNYE) (ORCHIDACEAE)
Look: LISTERA OVATA (L.) R. BR.
Category of protection: 4
It is brought in the 2nd edition of the Red List of Belarus (1993). It is protected in Ukraine and the Smolensk Region of Russia. It is included in the Appendix II to the Convention SITES.
Perennial grassy plant with a short thickish rhizome, numerous shnurovidny roots and an upright stalk 20-70 cm high. The stalk is lower than leaves naked, with brownish vaginas, above leaves - ferruterous trimmed, with 1-3 reduced leaflets. Leaves are pair, opposite, with the stebleobjemlyushchy basis, are located in a middle part of a stalk, large (length of 6-15 cm), shirokoyaytsevidny, on a top stupid or slightly pointed, glossy. Flowers small, yellowish-greenish, are collected in a narrow multiflowered brush. Bracts ovoid lantsetnye, pointed. Leaflets of an okolotsvetnik are put in a helmet; the lip is obratnoklinovidny, almost to the middle made an incision on two linearly - the oblong blades which are hanging down down. A fruit - the dry cracking box with numerous seeds.
Eurasia: Scandinavia, Atlantic, Central and Eastern Europe, Mediterranean, Caucasus, Asia and Central Asia, Western Siberia. The flat and subalpine look which is found sporadic almost across all territory of Belarus it is the most frequent in northern districts. Locations in Baranovichyosky, Berezovsky, the Brest, Drogichinsky, Kamenetsky, Kobrin and Pruzhansky districts of the Brest Region, in Beshenkovichsky, Braslavsky, Verkhnedvinsky, Vitebyosky, Gluboksky, Gorodoksky, Dokshitsky, Dubrovenyosky, Lepelsky, Lioznensky, Miorsky, Polotsk, Postavsky, Sennensky, Ushachsky, Chashniksky, Sharkovshchinsky and Shumilinsky districts of the Vitebsk Region, in Zhitkovichsky and Mazyr districts of the Gomel Region, in the Grodno, Zelvensky, Korelichsky, Novogrudsky, Shchuchinsky and Svislochsky districts of the Grodno Region, in Vileysky, Volozhinsky, Dzerzhinsk, Krupsky, Minsk, Myadelsky and Pukhovichsky districts of the Minsk Region are known. in Gorecki, the Kirov, Klimovichsky, Klichevsky, Kostyukovichsky, Krasnopolsky and Cherikovsky districts of the Mogilev Region. Earlier Ostrovtsa, Nesvizha, Loyeva, Rogachyov, Zhlobin, a number of points was specified in Voronovskom, Gantsevichsky, Ivanovskoye, Mazyr, by Pinsk and Slonimsk districts also for okrestyonost of Grodno.
The crude coniferous, deciduous and mixed forests, forest glades and edges, low-lying meadows, dumetose, suburbs of bogs. Prefers penumbral conditions.
Blossoms in June - July, fructifies in July - August. Entomofil. Reproduction mainly vegetative (root offsprings) and seed. Anemokhor.
Number and tendency of its change:
Grows at separate individuals or small groups, places forms quite numerous populations.
Major factors of threat:
Deforestation, drying and meliorative works, economic transformation of lands, excessive recreational loadings and pasturage of cattle.
Grows in national parks "Bialowieza Forest", "Pripyat" and the "Braslau Lakes", in the Berezinsky biospheric reserve, and also in a number of wildlife areas. It is grown up in the Republican ecological center of pupils and youth (Minsk) and the Botanical garden of the Vitebsk university. Control of a condition of the known populations, search of new places of growth, prevention in places of growth of anthropogenous influences is necessary.
Originators: Shvets I.V.