SHAGREEN GROUND BEETLE
Class: INSECTS (INSECTA)
Group: COLEOPTEROUS (COLEOPTERA)
Family: GROUND BEETLES (CARABIDAE)
Look: CARABUS CORIACEUS LINNAEUS, 1758
Category of protection: IV CATEGORY
International importance: The look is included in the Red List of Lithuania.
The largest ground beetle in Belarus. Length of a bug is 30-42 mm. Odnotsvetno is black. Wing sheaths are almost opaque, in rough wrinkles. On forward pads of a male 3 chlenik are expanded.
Western European mesophilic look. Meets across all territory of the republic, but it is rare.
Lives in the woods of different types. In fir groves and pine forests it is sometimes usual.
View with aestivo-autumnal type of reproduction, imagos and larvae winter. The greatest activity is noted at the end of August - the beginning of September. Larvae and an imago eat larvae of insects, overland mollusks, worms; are active mainly in twilight and at night.
Number and tendency of its change:
It is noted in all territory of the republic, is sometimes usual. Tendencies of change of number are studied poorly.
Major factors of threat:
Economic activity in the woods, and also reduction of the areas of fir groves - one of the main places of dwellings of a look.
The look is included in the 2nd edition of the Red List of Republic of Belarus (the III category). Identification of new habitats of a look and their protection.
Originators: Gurin V. M.