Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: AGARIKALNYE (AGARICALES)
Family: GIGROFOROVYE (HYGROPHORACEAE)
Look: HYGROPHORUS NEMOREUS (PERS.: FR.) FR. (= H. LEPORINUS FR.)
Category of protection: 2
In the Red List of Belarus it is included for the first time.
Hat with a diameter of 4-7 (10) cm, in the beginning convex, then spread with a wide roundish hillock, with direct edge, sometimes pressed with a flat hillock in deepening, dry or damp, slightly shining (but not sticky), vrosshevoloknisty, from ocherous-orange to yellowish-brown with a reddish or subtle corporal shade. Plates are poorly nizbegayushchy, rare, thick, or are only a little lighter than one color with a hat. The leg of 4-10 0,8-1,5 cm narrowed from top to bottom curved, in the top part with small scales, one-color with a hat, but is lighter. The pulp is white, near a surface of a hat light - brownish and ocherous. The smell is weak, flour. Taste is soft. Disputes of 6-8 3,5-5 microns, ellipsoidal.
Not moral view with a multizone area. The area covers Europe and Asia (Far East). In Belarus two locations are known: Brest Region (Kamenetsky district, Bialowieza Forest, Pererovsky forest area) and Gomel Region (Lelchitsky district, vicinities of. Markov, natural boundary "Clear").
Meets in the broad-leaved woods, on edges.
Fructifies in August - September. It is edible.
Number and tendency of its change:
Fruit bodies meet single copies or small groups. Now both populations not numerous also are under the threat of destruction as a result of reduction of the broad-leaved woods.
Major factors of threat:
Defining - anthropogenous: excessive recreational loadings (consolidation and pollution of the soil, collecting and injury of fruit bodies), deforestation (all views of cabins), economic transformation of lands.
It is protected in the territory of National park "Bialowieza Forest". Education in places of growth of a view of specialized mycologic wildlife areas with prohibition of all types of forest exploitation is necessary. It is necessary to carry out periodically audit and ecological and biological control of a condition of the known populations, to carry out search of new locations.
Originators: Gapiyenko O. S., Shaporov Ya.A.