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Kobrin district



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Flora

KLAVARIADELFUS, OR ROGATIK PESTIKOVY

Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)

Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: KANTARELLALNYE (CANTHARELLALES)
Family: KLAVARIADELFOVYE (CLAVARIADELPHACEAE)

Look: CLAVARIADELPHUS PISTILLARIS (L.: FR.) DONK
        PESTSIKAVY KLAVARYYADELFUS, ABO RAGATSIK

Category of protection: 3



International importance:
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993) and the Red List USSR (1984). It is protected in Lithuania, Latvia, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Poland.

Description:
The fruit body shirokobulavovidny, 7-30 cm high, with a diameter of 2-6 cm, is frequent with a longitudinally wrinkled surface, from light yellow till okhryano-yellow color, with dense, then soft spongy fabric, at damage is painted in brownish-purple color. Basidiums are club-shaped, 50–75´ 8–13 microns. Disputes are oblong and elliptic, (7) 11–16 ´(3,7) 6–10 microns, colourless to yellowish.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
The area is faltering, covers Europe, East Asia, North America. In Belarus it is noted in Brest (Pruzhansky district), Vitebsk (Ushachsky district), Gomel (Zhitkovichsky district), Minsk (Smolevichsky district) and Mogilev (Osipovichsky district) areas.

Habitats:
Deciduous (a linden, a hornbeam, etc.) and mixed, coniferous forests are more rare. Forms fruit bodies on the soil, it is frequent among mosses. Is drawn towards carbonate soils. Covering saprotrof or, allegedly, mikorizoobrazovatel.

Biology:
Fruit bodies are observed during the autumn period.

Number and tendency of its change:
Fruit bodies meet small groups.

Major factors of threat:
Intensive forest exploitation and recreational loadings, perhaps, also collecting fruit bodies by the population as having esthetic appeal.

Protection measures:
It is protected as a part of natural complexes of national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat". Periodic control of a condition of the known populations, search new and the organization of their protection with prohibition or restriction of anthropogenous influences is necessary.
 

Originators: Yurchenko E.O.