Kobrin district

Flora

SPATULYARIYA CLUB-SHAPED

Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: ASKOMIKOTA (ASCOMYCOTA)
Class: MARSUPIALS (ASCOMYCETES)
Order: GELOTsIALNYE (HELOTIALES)
Family: GEOGLOSSOVYE (GEOGLOSSACEAE)

Look: SPATHULARIA CLAVATA (SCHAEFF.) SACC. (= S. FLAVIDA PERS.: FR.)
         SPATULYARYYA BULAVAPADOBNAYA, ABO GRABYANYOK ZALATSISTY

Category of protection: 2



International importance:
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). It is protected in Poland.

Description:
Fruit bodies with a golden-yellow or orange-yellow gimenialny sphere, 4-6 cm high, with a diameter up to 2,5 cm. A leg whitish or yellowish, cylindrical, often flattened, at the basis usually with tuberiform swelling, smooth. The top part (sporiferous) is expanded like a comb, folded and wavy, is separated from a leg. The pulp is thin, with a pleasant mushroom smell. Aski club-shaped, 8-sporous. Disputes threadlike or acerate, are up expanded, 45-70 2-3 microns in size.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
Golarktichesky forest look. The area covers Europe, Asia, North America, especially often meets in mountain forests of the central and southern part of Europe, sometimes comes also to flat sites. In Belarus two locations are known: The Mogilev Region, Osipovichsky district, Zhornovsky forest experimental station, it was noted in Bialowieza Forest earlier.

Habitats:
Grows on a laying in fir groves and the fir-tree and broad-leaved woods.

Biology:
Saprotrof with a long-term mycelium. Fruit bodies are formed in August – October (not every year). Extremely decorative little-known edible fungi.

Number and tendency of its change:
Fruit bodies meet separately or small groups.

Major factors of threat:
Defining – anthropogenous: consolidation and pollution of the soil, deforestation, collecting and injury of fruit bodies.

Protection measures:
Audit of location of a look in Bialowieza Forest, control of a condition of the known population in Osipovichsky district for the purpose of the prevention of change of the ecological mode in places of growth, identification of new places of growth and their protection, a ban of collecting fruit bodies are necessary.
 

Originators: Gapiyenko O. S., Shaporov Ya.A.