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Flora

DENTIPELLIS FRAGILE

Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: GERITsIALNYE (HERICIALES)
Family: AURISKALPIEVYE (AURISCALPIACEAE)

Look: DENTIPELLIS FRAGILIS (PERS.: FR.) DONK (HERICIUM FRAGILE (PERS.) NIKOL.)
         DENTYPELIS LOMKI, ABO KPOXKI DENTYPELIS

Category of protection: 2



International importance:
In the Red List of Belarus it is included for the first time. It is protected in Poland.

Description:
Fruit body soft and webby, when drying fragile, from whitish in the beginning till yellowish and okhryany color, up to 10 cm in size and more. The edge which is freely separating, often unbent. Gimenofor consists of thorns of 0,5-9 0,1-0,4 mm in size. Tsistida numerous, with the oily contents refracting light, necklace-shapedly segmented in the top part, 4,5-7,5 microns wide. Hyphas with buckles. Basidiums are club-shaped, 27–37 4,5–7 microns. Disputes elliptic or almost spherical, with a reinforced smooth or rough cover, 4–6,3 3,3–6 microns.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
The area covers Europe, the Caucasus, Siberia, Central Asia, the Far East. It is noted in four locations of the southern and southwest parts of Belarus: in Brest (The Ivanovo and Pruzhansky districts) and Gomel (Zhitkovichsky district) areas.

Habitats:
Meets in broad-leaved, chernoolkhovy and fir-tree, often crude and shady woods. The indicator of the old-age minimum broken forest ecosystems. Lives and forms fruit bodies on much the valezhny, deprived of bark wood of deciduous breeds which decayed (a maple platanovidny, an alder black, a hornbeam ordinary, etc.).

Biology:
Fruit bodies are observed in July - September. Obligate saprotrof, causing white decay.

Number and tendency of its change:
Fruit bodies meet odinochno or small groups. The number of populations is not established. Gives in to laboratory cultivation, however in the republic in collections of cultures it is not supported.

Major factors of threat:
Intensive lesoekspluatation, drying melioration of the woods and adjacent territories.

Protection measures:
It is protected as a part of natural complexes of national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat". Are necessary the organization of wildlife areas in look habitats in a complex with other types demanding protection, preservation of the hydrological mode of old-age sites of the wood, and also search of new locations.

Originators: Yurchenko E.O.