GANODERMA BRILLIANT, OR THE VARNISHED TINDER FUNGUS
Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: GANODERMALNYE (GANODERMATALES)
Family: GANODERMOVYE (GANODERMATACEAE)
Look: GANODERMA LUCIDUM (FR.) P. KARST. (= POLYPORUS LUCIDUS FR.)
GANADERMA BL_SKUCHY, ABO LAK_RAVANY LIP
Category of protection: 3
In the Red List of Belarus it is included for the first time. It is protected in Poland and Lithuania.
Fruit bodies one-year, are more rare 2-3-year-old, semicircular, 3-8 10-25 2-3 cm in size, with a lateral cylindrical leg 5-10 cm long. The surface of a hat and a leg is covered with a chestnut-brown brilliant crust. Tissue of a fruit body spongy and pith. Surface of a gimenofor of tobacco color, time small, roundish. Gifalny system trimitichesky, hyphas with buckles. Disputes are ovoid, yellowish, 7-13 6-8 microns in size, with smooth hyaline episporiy and warty brownish endosporiy.
Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America; perhaps, cosmopolitan. In Belarus it is found in Brest (Pruzhansky district), Vitebsk (Rossonsky district), Gomel (The Recyca district) and Minsk (The Dzerzhinsk and Minsk districts) by the Region.
Meets in the mixed woods on the died-off wood of a maple, alder, a birch, poplar, oak, fir-tree.
Causes the white slowly developing decay which is shown in wood decolouration. Fruit bodies are formed in July - October. Decorative and medicinal look.
Number and tendency of its change:
Single copies meet. In all locations the number of a look is small. The tendency to reduction is observed.
Major factors of threat:
Collecting fruit bodies, all views of cabins of the wood, economic transformation of lands.
It is protected in National park "Bialowieza Forest". Periodic control of a condition of the known populations, search of new populations and the organization of their protection with a ban in places of growth of anthropogenous influences, a ban of collecting fruit bodies, explanatory work among the population are necessary.
Originators: Kordiyako N. G.