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Fauna of Kobrin district


The fauna of Kobrin district is rich and various. It could be more richly, however some types appeared on the verge of disappearance in connection with reduction of forests and bogs. Careless economic activity, use of pesticides and herbicides led to very deplorable consequences. To restore specific structure of fauna, or even to fill up it – the most important task of the person. Practically the bear disappears, the quantity of wolves began to increase only recently. Works on increase in a livestock of deer, elks, roes are successfully conducted. Some types found an ecological niche in the area, having migrated from other places. This is a raccoon dog, a muskrat. At drainage of bogs the huge number of channels was dug out. Because of a lack of means these hydromeliorative constructions were simply thrown. As a result the huge number of beavers who already in many places began to disturb agricultural production divorced.



Mammals. Mammals of Kobrin district are generally presented by the types characteristic of fauna of Belarus. Among them the bison brought in the International Red List is of the greatest interest. This largest in Europe and one of the most ancient animals of our planet belonging to a genus of bisons. Directly bisons do not live in our area. However in recent years separate individuals of bisons around Gorodts, October, Kamenya and some other places repeatedly noticed. Quite, it is possible that bisons-odintsy are the old bulls leading a single life.

From hoofed animals the red deer, a roe, an elk and a boar are found in Kobrin district. Predatory mammals are presented by many types. The largest of them – a wolf, a lynx, a fox, a raccoon dog, a badger and an otter. From small predators the marten, the American mink, a polecat, an ermine, caress meet.

From insectivorous mammals the hedgehog, a mole, a common shrew are most widespread. It is interesting that hedgehogs quietly and freely feel not only in rural areas, but also in the cities.

Many types contain group of rodents. Among them such rare as a myshovka, a mouse baby, the sleepyhead, a hamster, voles (underground, the housekeeper and pashenny).

The hare hare meets rather often while the white hare is much more rare. Rather often hares visit also personal plots on suburbs of the cities (is what to regale and there are practically no enemies). From wing-handed animals many species of bats meet.

The avifauna of Kobrin district is exclusively rich and various. Here a large number of the birds characteristic of all territory of Belarus lives. Also the birds brought in the last edition of the Red List of Republic of Belarus meet. Here also the rough legged horned owl, a black stork and a big bittern live bearded neyasyt. There is also very rare species – a restless millerbird which has the international value. Near the lake Lyuban in Divin there are black storks. There was a unique fauna and flora. At construction of state farm "Dneprobugsky" unique bogs were drained, the great variety of channels is dug out, on the place of peat developments there were whole lakes. Over time all meliorative system was thrown, there was a natural bogging of many drained lands. At once behind the lake Lyuban enormous canes in which there are a lot of holes with water where there is a lot of fish grow and perfectly swans feel.

Night predators – owls are presented by many types which majority is included in the Red List. The largest owl – an eagle owl, the mass of adult birds from two to three kilograms, and the smallest – a sparrow horned owl who weighs only 60-80 g.

In Kobrin district many species of the woodpeckers widespread in Europe meet. In villages and villages they often "treat" gardens.

Reptiles. Practically all species of reptiles of Belarus meet. From snakes the most usual is ordinary which lives almost everywhere, and most often meets in damp places. Because villages grow old, some parts of villages and villages simply become extinct, the livestock of cattle was sharply reduced cases of continuous stay of ears directly in the territory of villages and villages became frequent. It is possible to see a viper ordinary and a medyanka less often. They did not manage to render habitable the abandoned territories yet, and many woods after thriftless activity became strongly rarefied. However there are a lot of vipers and lizards divorced on coast of the abandoned meliorative canals.

The most typical of lizards – a sand lizard. Usually it can be seen on glades among the light pine woods. The lizard, a little smaller by the sizes, viviparous lives on boggy pine forests, coast of the rivers and lakes. Veretenitsa fragile differs from other lizards in lack of extremities and meets everywhere. The marsh turtle, as well as a medyanka, is included in the Red List of Belarus.

Amphibia. To the area many species of Amphibia live. These are tritons ordinary and edge, a zherlyanka krasnobryukhy, the spadefoot, the tree frog, frogs and toads. Frogs grassy and ostromordy are ordinary in crude forest habitats, and a frog pond – in reservoirs with still water. From toads, most often, the toad gray, preferring the damp woods meets. Toads green and cane are more rare (the last is included in the republican Red List). Rather usual look is the tree frog who thanks to suckers on fingers can climb branches of trees and bushes. Most often she can be met in the broad-leaved woods and on damp zakustarenny meadows.

Fish fauna. The fish fauna is presented by many species of fish. Small fry, the perch, a ruff, a pike, a gudgeon, a tench, crucians ordinary and silver are ordinary. In Mukhavtsa and the lake Lyuban repeatedly caught catfishes. In the lake Lyuban vsrechatsya the huge sizes of a pike. Old residents claim that the eel was found in the lake. In recent years it did not meet. About 20-30 years ago in reservoirs (generally on bogs) there was an enormous quantity of vyyun. Now their quantity sharply fell. Nevertheless, often during fishing on meliorative channels they come across an ordinary hook. Main abundance of fishes in lakes, rivers and artificial reservoirs.

Insects. About 70% of all living beings inhabiting our planet – insects. Already now more than one million their types are open and described, but scientists annually find hundreds and thousands of new. The great variety of species of insects is characteristic of Kobrin district.

Groups of coleoptera, Hymenoptera, flies, Lepidoptera and semi-coleoptera to which share the main part of a specific variety of insects of the area falls are richest with types.

Among coleoptera the most numerous are ground beetles, stafilinida, weevils, listoyeda, woodcutters and plastinchatousy.

Many types of invertebrates live in the soil, a forest laying, rotten wood and under bark of trees. Feature of fauna of coleoptera is existence of a large number of the types living in dead wood at various stages of its decomposition. The matter is that in the woods sanitary cabins and cleaning of sukhostoyny wood are practically not conducted, there are many trees which are tumbled down by a storm. One of such types, prichevolno large and effective, is a bug hermit whose larvae eat the semi-decayed wood of deciduous trees. Adult bugs lead a nocturnalism and eat the juice following from wounds on a tree trunk. In Europe the hermit became a big rarity for a long time and is under protection. In Belarus he meets more often, but also the earth-boring dung beetle spring is included in the Red List, as well as.

From other coleoptera it is necessary to mark out the bark beetle printer – the main stem wrecker of a fir-tree. Dying off of fir forests on the big square can result from its activity. A certain harm is done also by other types of bark beetles, and also representatives of families a zlatok and woodcutters from whom the woodcutter skinner and the big fir-tree man with a big mustache are most noticeable and ordinary.

From many types of moths it is possible to note such as brazhnik, pavlinoglazk, she-bears and some types a scoop. By right are considered as Brazhniki as the best flyers among Lepidoptera and can gather speed to 50–70 km/h. They pollinate flowers on the fly, without sitting down on them.

From brightly painted day butterflies the sizes and coloring will manufacture the lentochnik and perelivnitsa who practically never are found on flowers. They always fly highly in crowns and go down only to drink waters from roadside pools. The most effective representative of Lepidoptera is makhaon, shape reminding the tropical relatives. You will not confuse this butterfly about any another. The main condition of its dwelling is existence of certain plants from family umbrella which its caterpillars eat.

Barkhatnitsa differ in a special gentle velvety raid on wings and a coloring in the form of "eyes". Meet also sennitsa-edipp and a butterfly of a krayeglazk roadside.

Also insects from group of Hymenoptera are various. These are different types of wasps among which the largest – hornets build nests in hollows of old trees, and also rogokhvosta, pililshchik and hospital attendants of the wood ants. From bee the special attention is drawn by the bumblebees appearing in the early spring when the majority of insects still is in hibernation. Recently in Europe decrease in their number therefore some species of bumblebees became rare is noted.

In the wildlife area of local value "Divin-Veliky Wood" you can visit the rare massif of a monoprepotent grabnyak which is quite rare in the territory of Belarus, to see a lady's slipper real (the quantity has no analogs in Belarus), to admire fine forest lilies of the valley.


LIST OF RARE AND PROTECTED SPECIES OF THE KOBRINSKY AREA

Name of a look

the Russian/Latin

Habitats
International status of protection National status of protection
BLOODSUCKERS
Medical bloodsuckerHirudo medicinalisThe small and superficial, well warmed up reservoirs with dense vegetation.IUCN, LR/NT Bern Convention Annexes IIIIII (VU)
ARACHNOID
Big floatable spider, or dolomedes Dolomedes plantariusInundated meadows and low-lying bogs. Often hunts near water.IUCN, VUIII (VU)
MYRIAPODS BATTLESHIPS
Connected battleshipGlomeris connexaDamp woods, oak groves, chernoolshannik, fir groves. In a laying, mouldering stubs and a valezha, the soil (at a depth up to 20 cm).-
II (EN)
INSECTS
Greenish arrowCoenagrion armatumNear slaboprotochny or standing reservoirs. IUCN (EU27) LR/NTBern Convention Annexes III (CR)
Green yoke
On low-lying bogs and in floodplains of the rivers.IUCN (Europe) LR/NT; IUCN (EU27)LR/NT; Bern ConventionAnnexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes IVIII (VU)
Belonos long-tailedLeucorrhinia caudalisPure standing reservoirs rich with vegetation Bern Convention Annexes II European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes IV-
Belonos marshLeucorrhinia pectoralisPure standing reservoirs with shoal and vegetation Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IV-
Sfagnovy water measureGerris sphagnetorumSedge transitional bogs.-
III (VU)
Odorous krasotetCalosoma sycophantaThe broad-leaved woods (especially oak groves), are more rare coniferous forests.-
I (CR)
Bronze krasotetCalosoma inquisitorDeciduous woods (oak groves and chernoolshanik).-
III (VU)
Trellised ground beetleCalosoma inquisitorThe coniferous and deciduous forests, fields, meadows, are more rare boggy places and the small-leaved woods.-
IV (NT)
Ground beetle MenetriyeCarabus menetriesiThe rehumidified habitats (low-lying bogs, damp inundated meadows, the boggy woods). Peat bogs, decreases, boggy coast of the rivers and lakes.-
III (VU)
Zolotistoyamchaty ground beetleCarabus clathratusVery hygrophilous. Prefers places with dense vegetation on peat soils: low-lying boggy meadows in the floodplain of the rivers, and also low-lying bogs and bogs of transitional type.-
III (VU)
Violet ground beetleCarabus violaceusThe light deciduous and mixed woods. Small-leaved woods. Lives in a forest laying, under bark, dead wood.-
IV (NT)
Shagreen zhuzhzhelitsaCarabus coriaceusIn the woods of different types. Especially in fir groves and pine forests.-
IV (NT)
Confused zhuzhzhelitsa Carabus intricatusPrefers mossy and lichen pine forests. IUCN, LR/NTIII (VU)
Ridge slizneedChlaenius costulatus Boggy meadows in the floodplain of the rivers, and also low-lying bogs and bogs of transitional type.-
III (VU)
Furrowed slizneedChlaenius sulcicollisBoggy meadows in the floodplain of the rivers, and also low-lying bogs and bogs of transitional type.-
II (EN)
Four-furrowed slizneedChlaenius quadrisulcatusBoggy meadows in the floodplain of the rivers, and also low-lying bogs and bogs of transitional type.-
I (CR)
Two-band podvodenGraphoderus bilineatusDeep reservoirs with still water and dense vegetation at coast. IUCN, LR/NT; Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IVIII (VU)
Unknown fir groveRhantus incognitusMainly in the small forest rivers.-
III (VU)
Spring earth-boring dung beetleGeotrupes vernalisOn a soil surface in various types of the woods.-
III (VU)
Hairy stafilinEmus hirtisIn the woods and on fields at excrement, fell also on the following juice of trees.-
IV (NT)
Big oak man with a big mustacheCerambyx cerdoDeciduous woods. Larvae develop in oak wood, the ilma is more rare than a hornbeam. IUCN (EU27) LR/NT; IUCN (Europe) LR/NT; Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IVIII (VU)
Green pestryakGnorimus nobilisOld deciduous woods. Occupies big old mouldering deciduous trees. Bugs meet on flowers. IUCN (EU27) LR/LC IUCN (Europe) LR/LCRequires additional studying and attention (DD)
Big green bronzovkaPotosia aeruginosaOld deciduous woods. Larvae live only in the mouldering humidified wood remains under valezhinam, in the decayed stubs and hollows of old trees. Bugs meet on flowers. IUCN (EU27) LR/VURequires additional studying and attention (DD)
Modest rogachikCeruchus chrysomelinusThe mixed woods. Not less than 25 cm in the diameter develop in thick mouldering trunks of an oak, fir-tree, birch. IUCN (EU27) LR/NTRequires additional studying and attention (DD)
Big thyroid glandPeltis grossaIn the mixed, small-leaved and coniferous forests. Meet under strongly lagging behind bark of coniferous trees, is more rare – on trunks of birches. IUCN (EU27) LR/LC IUCN (Europe) LR/NTRequires additional studying and attention (DD)
Marble bronzovkaLiocola marmorataMeets in old-age oak groves. Larvae develop in hollows of old oaks.
Requires additional studying and attention (DD)
Hermit, or voskovik-hermitOsmoderma eremitaOld broad-leaved woods. Dwelling requires existence of old hollow mouldering deciduous trees. IUCN (EU27) LR/NT; IUCN (Europe) LR/NT; Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IVIII (VU)
Ploskotelka is cinnabaric-redCucujus cinnaberinusLives in the old mixed and broad-leaved woods. Larvae develop under bark of old dead deciduous trees in damp wood. IUCN, LR/VU; Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IVRequires additional studying and attention (DD)
Ploskotel is redCucujus haematodesBugs meet under thick bark as tumbled down, and dead old trees.IUCN (Europe) LR/EN IUCN (EU27) LR/CR-
Borid SchneiderBoros schneideriBugs meet, mostly, under thick rotten bark coniferous (a pine, a fir-tree) and the deciduous (birch) trees which are often occupied by larvae of men with a big mustache of the sort Rhagium. Bern Convention Annexes II; IUCN (Europe) LR/VU; IUCN (EU27) LR/EN; Habitats Directive Annexes II-
Rizod is furrowedRhysodes sulcatusThe deciduous and mixed woods. Occupies the tumbled-down mouldering trunks of trees. Prefers deciduous breeds, but it can irazvivatsya also on coniferous. IUCN (EU27) LR/EN IUCN (Europe) LR/DD-
The man with a big mustache is zheltopyatnistyMesosa miopsBugs gnaw bark of the drying-out branches. Larvae under bark of various deciduous trees. Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II; Habitats Directive Annexes II-
Crimson medal tapeCatocala sponsaOak groves and the woods with oak impurity.-
III (VU)
Small oak medal tape, or small oak lentochnitsaCatocala promissaOak groves and the woods with oak impurity. Prefers mainly well warmed up places.
III (VU)
Medviditsa-hozyaykaPericalia matronulaShady, mainly crude deciduous and mixed woods. Meets on suburbs of forest edges and glades more often.-
III (VU)
Lancet geometridGagitodes sagittataCrude glades, edges and the rarefied sites of the old broad-leaved and coniferous and broad-leaved woods, boggy meadows.-
II (EN)
Beautiful geometridChariaspilates formosariaTransitional and low-lying bogs, are more rare boggy meadows and forest edges.-
III (VU)
Roadside krayeglazkaLopinga achineLight, long-boled, with rich subgrowth the temnokhvoyno-small-leaved woods and alder thickets under bed curtains, on crude edges, along glades, on roadsides of forest roads, suburbs of low-lying bogs. Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes IV; SPEC3 (VU)III (VU)
Torfyanikovy alfalfa butterflyColias palaenoPine forests bagulnikovy and golubichny boggy or located around bogs. On large and open riding bogs meets less often, preferring the suburban sites overgrown with the wood or pine young growth.-

The chervonets is unpairedLycaena disparPrefers damp meadows and bogs. Females lay eggs on different types of a sorrel (this. buckwheat). Bern Convention Annexes II; European Community Directive Nr. 92/43 EEC Annexes II, IV
Sennitsa edippCoenonympha oedippusLarge low-lying, are more rare riding bogs from where extends to the adjoining boggy edges of the woods, crude lugovina.SPEC3 (VU), IUCN, LR/NT
Chernushka EthiopianErebia aethiopsOld coniferous forests in the hilly district, mainly light dry pine forests, on glades, edges, roadsides of forest roads.-

Barkhatnitsa St. Petersburg
Lasiommata petropolitanaDry pine forests on vskholmleniye about bogs.-

Bumblebee mossBombus muscorumMeadow, mainly inundated, forest edges and extensive glades, clover agrotsenoza.-

Red forest ant
Formica rufaIt is widespread in various types of the wood. IUCN, LR/NT

A number of types of invertebrates of Kobrin district has the international nature protection importance. They are included in the MSOP Red list: IUCN Red List Category (Europe) (Europe in general) and IUCN Red List Category (EU27) (European Union), also belong to the categories:

VU – vulnerable,

NT – the having unfortunate trends in surrounding territories or dependent on the carried-out protection measures,

LC – requiring attention,

EN – threatened

CR – critically threatened state.

Also some types are brought in the Appendix II (Annexes II) – "The types needing the special protected territories", and the Appendix IV (Annexes IV) – "The types needing strict protection" (The directive of the EU "About preservation of native habitats and wild fauna and flora" (EC Habitats Directive)).


Name of a look

the Russian/Latin
International status of protection National status of protection
FISHES
Ruchyevy lampreyLampetra planeriIUCN, LR/nt-
Ordinary man with a big mustacheBarbus barbus-
III (VU)
VyyunMisgurnus fossilisIUCN, LR/nt-
SomSilurus glanisIUCN, LR/nt-
AMPHIBIANS
Edge tritonTriturus cristatusIUCN, LRIV (NT)
Cane toadBufo calamita-
III (VU)
Ordinary tree frogHyla arboreaIUCN,LR-
Krasnobryukhy zherlyankaBombina bombinaIUCN, LR-
REPTILES
MedyankaCoronella austriaca-
III (VU)
Marsh turtleEmis orbicularisIUCN, DDIII (VU)
 


Name of a look

the Russian/Latin
National status of protection International nature protection importance
BIRDS

Big bittern

Botaurus stellaris III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland

Small bittern

Ixobrinchus minutus II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. Polsh is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia,

Black stork

Ciconia nigra III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. Ukrain is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Russia,

Red kite

Milvus milvus II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. Polsh is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia,

Black kite

Milvus migrans III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 4. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine

Zmeeyad

Circaetus gallicus II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. Ukrain is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia,

Field lun

Circus cyaneus III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. Ukrain is included in Red Lists of Latvia, Poland,

Big podorlik

Aquilla clanga I (CR) The look is included in the MSOP Red list (VU/ver. 2.3, 1994), the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the I/II Appendix of the Bonn convention, it is carried to SPEC 1. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Small podorlik Aquila pomarina III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos I (CR) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Eagle dwarf Hieraaetus pennatus I (CR) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Poland, Ukraine.
Orlan-belokhvost Haliaeetus albicilla II (EN) The look is included in the MSOP Red list (LR/nt, ver. 2.3, 1994), the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the I/II Appendix of the Bonn convention, it is carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Ordinary pustelga Falco tinnunculus III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia.
Cheglok Falco subbuteo IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention. It is included in the Red List of Lithuania.
Sapsan Falco peregrinus I (CR) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Gray crane Grus grus III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
Korostel Crex crex III (VU) The look is included in the MSOP Red list (VU A2c, ver. 2.3, 1994), the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, it is carried to SPEC 1. It is included in Red Lists of Lithuania and Latvia.
Dupel Gallinago media II (EN) The look is included in the MSOP Red list (LR/nt, ver. 2.3, 1994), the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, it is carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
Big veretennik Limosa limosa III (VU) The look is included in the II-2 Appendix of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania and Latvia.
Big curlew Numenius arquata III (VU) The look is included in the II-2 Appendix of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix III of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, the wintering population, is carried to SPEC 3w. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia and Ukraine.
Beloshchyoky morwennol Chlidonias hybridus IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in the Red List of Poland.
Sipukh Tyto alba III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine.
Eagle owl Bubo bubo II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Sparrow horned owl Glaucidium passerinum IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Ukraine.
Bearded neyasyt Strix nebulosa II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention. It is brought in Red Lists of Poland, Ukraine.
Marsh owl Asio flammeus IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland.
Sizovoronka Coracias garrulus I (CR) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention is carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine.
Ordinary halcyon Alcedo atthis III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix I of the Directive of the EU on protection of rare birds, the Appendix II of the Bern convention, the Appendix II of the Bonn convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland.
Green woodpecker Picus viridis III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania and Latvia.
Belospinny woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos IV (LR) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
Three-fingered woodpecker Picoides tridactillus IV (LR) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
Crested lark Gallerida cristata III (VU) The look is included in the Appendix III of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 3. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania and Latvia.
Field fad Anthus campestris IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix III of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Lithuania and Latvia.
Restless millerbird Acrocephalus paludicola II (EN) The look is included in the MSOP Red list (VU, ver. 2.3, 1994), Appendix I of the Bern convention.
Mukholovka-belosheyka Ficedula albicolli IV (NT) The look is included in the Appendix III of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 4.
Chernoloby sorokonut Lanius minor II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix II of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in Red Lists of Latvia and Poland.
Garden porridge Emberiza hortulana II (EN) The look is included in the Appendix III of the Bern convention, carried to SPEC 2. It is brought in the Red List of Lithuania.

Symbols:

National status of protection (category of the Red List of Republic of Belarus):

I – The types which are under the threat of disappearance which rescue is impossible without implementation of special measures.

II – Types which number is still rather high, but it is reduced catastrophically quickly that in the near future can threaten their disappearances.

III – Rare species to which now disappearance does not threaten yet, but meet they in such small amount or in such limited territories that can disappear at adverse change of habitat under the influence of natural and anthropogenous factors.

IV – The number and a state them causes types which biology is studied insufficiently alarm, however the lack of data does not allow to refer them to one of the categories stated above.

V – The restored types which condition does not cause fears, but they are not subject still to trade use and behind their populations the constant control is necessary.

Vida Evropeyskogo of the Security Status (SPEC):

Category 1. The types classified, as globally threatened dependent on measures of protection or on which there are not enough data.

Category 2. Types which world population is concentrated in Europe (more than 50%) and which have the adverse status (The European status of threat for types of this category is classified as: there are not enough data, localized, reducing number, rare, vulnerable, threatened).

Category 3. Types which world population is not concentrated in Europe, but which have the adverse status (The European status of threat for types of this category is classified as: there are not enough data, localized, reducing number, rare, vulnerable, threatened).

Category 4. Types which world population is not concentrated in Europe (more than 50%), but which have the favorable status (types which population makes more than 10000 couples or 40000 wintering individuals and which are not localized in certain places and have no considerable decrease in number).

Name of a look

the Russian/Latin
International status of protectionNational status of protection
Nochnitsa NattereraMyotis nattereri-
IV (NT)
Nochnits BrandtMyotis brandtii-
III (VU)
European shirokoushkaBarbastella barbastellus IUCN, VUII (EN)
Small night-school studentNyctalus leisleri-
III (VU)
Northern leather jacketsEptesicus nilssonii-
III (VU)
Mouse babyMicromus minutusIUCN, LR/nt-
Sonya-polchokMyoxis glisIUCN, LR/ntIII (VU)
Garden sleepyheadEliomys quercinusIUCN, VUIII (VU)
Hazel dormouseMuscardinus avellanariusIUCN, LR/ntIV (NT)
River beaverCastor fiberIUCN, LR/nt-
Red squirrelSciurus vulgarisIUCN, LR/nt-
BadgerMeles meles-
III (VU)
OtterLutra lutraIUCN, VU-
European lynx Linx linxIUCN, NTII (EN)



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