GRIFOLA MNOGOSHLYAPOCHNAYA, ILI GRIFOLA CURLY, ILI GRIB-BARAN
Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: PORIALNYE (PORIALES)
Family: KORIOLOVYE (CORIOLACEAE)
Look: GRIFOLA FRONDOSA (DICKS.: FR.) S. F. GRAY. (POLYPORUS FRONDOSUS DICKS.: FR.)
GRYFALA MNAGASHAPKAVAYA, ABO GRYFALA KUCHARAVY, ABO GRYB-BARAN
Category of protection: 3
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). It is protected in Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland.
Fruit bodies one-year, large, with a diameter of 10-40 cm, weighing up to 10 kg. The spherical fruit body consists from central hemp with repeatedly branching legs departing from it which come to an end with flat yazykovidny hats 4-8 cm wide. A hat surface radial and wrinkled, rough, nut, sometimes okhryano-brown, towards a leg always lighter. The smell is pleasant, remaining when drying. A surface of a tubular gimenofor nizbegayushchy, white, when drying cream. Time roundish or slightly angular. Hyphas are wide, with buckles. Basidiums are club-shaped. The basis has shirokoellipsoidalny disputes, slantwise delayed, thick-walled, smooth, hyaline, 5-7 3,5-4,5 microns in size, with granular contents.
Europe, Caucasus, East Asia, North America, Australia. In Belarus it is found in Brest (The Brest and Pruzhansky districts), Gomel (Zhitkovichsky district) and Minsk (Borisovsky, Stolbtsovsky and Chervensky districts; Minsk; Nesvizhsky palace and park ensemble) Region.
Broad-leaved and coniferous and broad-leaved woods. Grows at the basis of old deciduous trees, especially an oak, a hornbeam, an elm, a maple, it is extremely rare - pines.
Causes white serdtsevinny decay, infection occurs by means of the mycelium extending in the soil from one tree to another. Fruit bodies settle down quite often at some distance from a trunk to which roots they are connected by a mycelium, appear in July - September. The mushroom in 10 days can have 1 m a diameter and weigh to 20 kg. Decorative medicinal little-known edible (at young age) a mushroom.
Number and tendency of its change:
In all locations the number of a look is small and subject to year fluctuations. Single copies meet.
Major factors of threat:
Collecting fruit bodies, low number and density of populations, all views of cabins of the wood, economic transformation of lands.
Grows in territories of national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat". Creation in the places of growth of a look which are not captured by security actions, specialized mycologic wildlife areas, periodic control of a condition of the known populations and search of new places of growth, the prevention of anthropogenous influences in places of growth is necessary.
Originators: Kordiyako N. G.