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Flora

POLIPORUS UMBRELLA, ILI GRIFOLA UMBRELLA, OR TINDER FUNGUS BRANCHED

Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)
Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: PORIALNYE (PORIALES)
Family: POLIPOROVYE (POLYPORACEAE)

Look: POLYPORUS UMBELLATUS FR. (= GRIFOLA UMBELLATA (PERS.: FR.) PILÁT.)
         PAL_PORUS PARASONAVY, ABO GRYFALA PARASONAVY, ABO RAZGALINAVANAYA LIP

Category of protection: 3



International importance:
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). It is protected in Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland.

Description:
Fruit bodies one-year, consisting of numerous branchy legs which bear small hats; white legs connect at the basis in the general tuberiform penek. The fruit body has a diameter of 50 cm. Separate hats with a diameter of 1-4 cm, roundish, with small deepening in the center, a surface of hats light-okhryanaya. Gimenofor tubules a little nizbegayushchy on a leg. Gifalny system dimitichesky, hyphas with buckles. Basidiums are club-shaped, 2-4 sporous. Disputes cylindrical or spindle-shaped, at the basis slantwise delayed, hyaline, 7-10 3-4 microns in size.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
Europe, Asia, North America. In Belarus it is found in Brest (Berezovsky, the Brest, Zhabinkovsky and Pruzhansky districts), Vitebsk (Gluboksky and Lioznensky districts), Gomel (Zhitkovichsky district), Minsk (Molodechnensky and Pukhovichsky districts, Nesvizhsky palace and park ensemble) and Mogilev (Belynichsky, Krichevsky and Hotimsky districts) the Region.

Habitats:
Deciduous and coniferous and broad-leaved woods. Grows as a parasite on roots, at the basis of trunks and stubs of deciduous breeds of trees (an oak, a hornbeam, a maple).

Biology:
Causes white decay, rotting low-active. The fruit body is formed from underground long-term bugorkovidny a sklerotion, black outside and white inside. Fruit bodies appear in August - September. Valuable edible and medicinal fungi.

Number and tendency of its change:
Meets single copies. The number of individuals in populations is subject to year fluctuations. The tendency to reduction of frequency of occurrence of a look is noted.

Major factors of threat:
Active collecting fruit bodies, violation of conditions of growth (all views of cabins of the wood, economic transformation of lands).

Protection measures:
It is protected in national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat". Education in the known places of growth of specialized mycologic wildlife areas with a ban of anthropogenous influences, search of new places of growth and, if necessary, the organization of their protection is necessary.

Originators: Kordiyako N. G.