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Flora

CHANTERELLE GREY

Kingdom: MUSHROOMS (FUNGI)

Department: BAZIDIOMIKOTA (BASIDIOMYCOTA)
Class: BAZIDIOMITsETY (BASIDIOMYCETES)
Order: KANTARELLALNYE (CANTHARELLALES)
Family: LISIChKOVYE (CANTHARELLASEAE)

Look: CANTHARELLUS CINEREUS (PERS.: FR.) FR.
         L_S_CHKA SHERY



Category of protection: 3

International importance:
In the Red List of Belarus it is included for the first time.

Description:
Hat with a diameter of 3-5 cm, funnel-shaped, bladed, gray-brown-black, with age fading, the edge is lowered. The pulp is thin, with fresh taste, without special smell. The plates descending, gray, uneven length, frequent, thin. The leg is cylindrical, hollow, it is painted on tone hats, 4,0 0,5-0,2 cm in size are lighter. Disputes are ellipsoidal, 8-10 5-6 microns in size, colourless.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
Not moral forest look. The area covers Europe. In Belarus it is found in Brest (Kamenetsky, Pruzhansky districts), Grodno (Svislochsky district), Vitebsk (Dokshitsky, Lepelsky and Rossonsky districts), Minsk (Borisovsky, Minsk and Myadelsky districts) and Mogilev (Osipovichsky district, Zhornovsky forest experimental station) the Region.

Habitats:
Meets in the deciduous woods.

Biology:
Fruit bodies are periodically formed in September - October.

Number and tendency of its change:
Single copies meet.

Major factors of threat:
Intensive lesoekspluatation, deforestation and change of conditions of growth under the influence of recreational factors (consolidation and pollution of the soil, etc.).

Protection measures:
"Narochansky" and "Bialowieza Forest" is protected as a part of natural complexes of the Berezinsky biospheric reserve, national parks. Creation of specialized mycologic wildlife areas in the places which are not captured by security actions is necessary. It is necessary to carry out periodic control of a condition of the known populations, to carry out search new and, if necessary, to organize their protection with prohibition or restriction of anthropogenous influences.
 

Originators: Gapiyenko O. S., Shaporov Ya.A.