Kobrin district

Flora

TSEFALOZIYA TAPE

Type: MOHOOBRAZNYE (BRYOPHYTA)
Department: MOHOOBRAZNYE (BRYOPHYTA)
Class: LIVERWORTS (HEPATICOPSIDA (HEPATICAE))
Order: YuNGERMANNIEVYE (JUNGERMANNIALES)
Family: TsEFALOZIEVYE (CEPHALOZIACEAE)

Look: CEPHALOZIA CATENULATA (HUEB.) LINDB.
         TSEFALOZIYA STUZHKAVAYA



Category of protection: 3

International importance:
It is for the first time included in the Red List of Belarus. It is protected in Lithuania.

Description:
Dernovinki small, from green to brown. A stalk 0,5-1,0 cm long, lying, branchy, with slantwise the attached leaves, from square to shirokoyaytsevidny, divided to a half into 2 more or less pointed blades. Perianty below cylindrical, above trihedral with the narrowed resnitchato-gear mouth. The box on a leg, oval, red-brown, reveals 4 shutters.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
Europe from Arctic to a broad-leaved zone, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Far East, Japan, North America. In Belarus meets across all territory occasionally. Grows in Lepelsky district of the Vitebsk Region, the Kamenetsky district of the Brest Region, the Lelchitsky district of the Gomel Region, Krupsky and Myadelsky districts of the Minsk region.

Habitats:
In the crude and boggy shady woods (fir-tree and chernoolkhovy) on the decaying wood, sometimes on the gumusirovanny soil.

Biology:
Dvudomny plant. Vegetative reproduction is carried out by the monocelled vyvodkovy kidneys forming small groups on tops of branches.

Number and tendency of its change:
Forms small dernovinka on the decaying kolodnik which disappear at his decomposition.

Major factors of threat:
Reduction of humidity and change of the light mode. Drainage and cutting down of the boggy fir and chernoolkhovy forests, cleaning of the fallen trees.

Protection measures:
"Bialowieza Forest", "Narochansky" and "Pripyat" grows in the Berezinsky biospheric reserve, in national parks. Preservation in natural state of ecosystems – places of growth of a look is necessary. Carrying out silvicultural actions has to correspond to an assessment of effect of impact on populations.
 

Originators: Maslovsky O. M., Rykovsky G. F.