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Flora

FESCUE HIGH

Type: VASCULAR PLANTS (PLANTAE VASCULARES)
Department: POKRYTOSEMENNYE (FLORAL) (ANGIOSPERMAE (MAGNOLIOPHYTA))
Class: MONOCOTYLEDONOUS (LILIOPSIDY) (MONOCOTYLEDONES (LILIOPSIDA))
Order: MYaTLIKOTsVETNYE (POALES)
Family: MYaTLIKOVYE (CEREALS) (POACEAE (GRAMINEAE))

Look: FESTUCA ALTISSIMA ALL. (= F. SYLVATICA (POLL.) VILL.)
A÷SYANITSA (MUROZHN_TSA) HIGH

Category of protection: 4



International importance:
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). It is protected in Lithuania and Latvia.

Description:
Perennial grassy plotnodernovinny plant with a short rhizome and not numerous thick upright furrowed stalks 50-120 high (150) cm. Leaves are flat, 5-15 mm wide, linear, with the acting average vein. Vaginas of leaves short, rough, furrowed. The uvula 2-3 mm long truncated with the auriculate outgrowths directed up, on a top fringed. The whisk is large, hanging, friable, with long thin rough branches. Cones are 3-5-floral, on legs. The lower floral scales 5-6 mm long, elongated lantsetnaya, with three veins, bezosty, with thin shipika on all surface. A fruit - an oblong brown zernovka.

Distribution:
Scandinavia (South), Atlantic, Central and Eastern Europe, Mediterranean, Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (South), Asia and Central Asia. Not moral relic look which is in Belarus in separate localities and island places of growth on northeast border of an area. It is noted in Berezovsky, Borisovsky, Volozhinyosky, Gorecki, Dzerzhinsk, Dobrushsky, Dribinsky, Zhitkovichsky, Kamenetsky, Lioznensky, Luninetsky, Minsk, Mstislavyosky, October, Osipovichsk, Oshmyansk, Pinsk, Pruzhansky, Recyca, Svislochsky, Sennensky and Cherikovsky districts. Earlier it was brought for Pinsky and Slutsk Counties. Instructions for the Vitebsk, Lepelsky and Molodechnensky districts demand check.

Habitats:
The broad-leaved and fir-tree and broad-leaved woods of kislichny and snytevy types with participation of a maple, hornbeam, linden, are more rare than an ash-tree and an elm.

Biology:
Blossoms in June - July, fructifies in July-August. Anemofil. Reproduction is seed. Anemokhor.

Number and tendency of its change:
Usually grows at small dense groups and single copies, places forms quite numerous populations (The Minsk district, vicinities of of Priluki).

Major factors of threat:
Cabins of the wood of the main polyyozovaniye, economic transformation of lands, pasturage of cattle and excessive recreational loadings (trampling).

Protection measures:
"Priluksky" (The Minsk district), "Shabrinsky" (Dobrushsky district), "Izin" (Pinsky district) and some other grows in national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat", the Berezinsky biospheric reserve, wildlife areas. It is grown up in the Republican ecological center of pupils and youth (Minsk) and the Central botanical garden NAN of Belarus. Periodic control of a condition of the known populations and search of new places of growth, prevention in places of growth of anthropogenous influences are necessary (the selective sanitary cabins and cabins of leaving which are carried out to a winter season are allowed).

Originators: Tretyakov D. I.