Type: VASCULAR PLANTS (PLANTAE VASCULARES)
Department: POKRYTOSEMENNYE (FLORAL) (ANGIOSPERMAE (MAGNOLIOPHYTA))
Class: MONOCOTYLEDONOUS (LILIOPSIDY) (MONOCOTYLEDONES (LILIOPSIDA))
Order: YaTRYShNIKOTsVETNYE (ORCHIDALES)
Family: YaTRYShNIKOVYE (ORHIDNYE) (ORCHIDACEAE)
Look: PLATANTHERA CHLORANTHA (CUST.) REICHENB.
Category of protection: 3
It is brought in the Red List of Belarus of the 1st and 2nd editions (1981, 1993). It is protected in Ukraine, the Smolensk Region of Russia, Lithuania and Latvia. It is included in the Appendix II to the Convention SITES.
Perennial grassy plant with an oblong and ovoid tuber. A straight line stalk, naked, 30-60 cm high, at the basis with two obratnoyaytsevidny leaves narrowed in a winged scape above them - 1-3 small lantsetny leaflets. Flowers greenish-white, flavourless, are collected in a friable, multiflowered, cylindrical inflorescence. The lip is linear, shporets on the end club-shaped and reinforced, is 1,5-2 times longer than an ovary. A boot with strongly dispersing nests. A fruit - a dry box.
Scandinavia, Atlantic, Central and Eastern Europe, Mediterranean, Caucasus, Asia Minor. In Belarus is in separate localities and island places of growth on northern and northeast borders of an area. Meets in the southern, central and western districts of the republic: in Baranovichskom, Berezovsky, the Brest, Ivatsevichsky, Kobrin, Luninetsky, Maloritsky and Pruzhansky districts of the Brest Region, in Dyatlovsky, Mostovsky, Oshmyansky and Shchuchinsky districts of the Grodno Region, in Zhitkovichsky, Mazyr, October, Recyca, Hoyniksky and Chechersky districts of the Gomel Region, in Krupsky, Logoysky, Minsk, Myadelsky, Slutsk and Uzdensky districts of the Minsk Region, in Bykhovsky, Dribinsky and Mstislavsky districts of the Mogilev region. Earlier it was specified in the neighborhood of the cities of Grodno, Mogilev and Mazyr, and also the villages of Porechye of Pinsky district and Molodovo of the Region of Ivanovskoye.
Broad-leaved, are more rare the small-leaved, coniferous and mixed woods. Penumbral plant; at long preservation of low illumination gradually disappears. Prefers well aerated not sour soils.
Blossoms in June - July, fructifies in August. Entomofil. Reproduction is seed. Anemokhor. Germination of seeds happens in the presence of mushrooms-simbiontov. Within 2-4 years the sprout leads an underground life, the present sheet appears for 3-5 year, blossoming comes for the 8th (11th) year.
Number and tendency of its change:
Usually meets single copies and small groups, seldom forms populations of several tens individuals.
Major factors of threat:
Cabins of the wood of the main use, economic transformation of lands, excessive pasturage of cattle, damage of tubers by wild hoofed animals, excessive recreational loadings (trampling, collecting the blossoming plants and tubers).
Grows in territories of national parks "Bialowieza Forest" and "Pripyat", the Polesia radiation and ecological reserve, wildlife areas in Baranovichsky, Brest, Dyatlovsky, Ivatsevichsky, Luninetsky, Minsk, Mazyr, Oshmyansky, Shchuchinsky and other districts. Audit of the known places of growth, periodic control of a condition of populations, search new and, if necessary, the organization of their protection, prevention in places of growth of anthropogenous influences are necessary.
Originators: Shvets I.V.