Type: VASCULAR PLANTS (PLANTAE VASCULARES)
Department: POKRYTOSEMENNYE (FLORAL) (ANGIOSPERMAE (MAGNOLIOPHYTA))
Class: DVUDOLNYE (MAGNOLIOPSIDY) (DICOTYLEDONES (MAGNOLIOPSIDA))
Order: NORIChNIKOTsVETNYE (SCROPHULARIALES)
Family: NORIChNIKOVYE (SCROPHULARIACEAE)
Look: PEDICULARIS SCEPTRUM-CAROLINUM L.
Category of protection: 2
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). Is under the state protection in Lithuania, Latvia and Ukraine.
Perennial grassy plant with an upright stalk up to 120 cm high. Leaves are located mainly in the lower part of a stalk, simple, oblong and elliptic or oblong, peristorazdelny or peristorassechenny, up to 20 cm long. Flowers yellowish, 3-3,5 cm long, dvuguby, with a lower lip, reddish at a top, are collected in an inflorescence a brush. A fruit - a roundish box.
Eurasia: Scandinavia, Atlanticheyosky (Germany), Average (in some countries disappeared) and Eastern Europe, the Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East, Mongolia, Japan and China. The boreal relic look in Belarus grows near southwest border of an area. Meets absent-mindedly across all territory of the republic. The most part of locations is known according to literature and to old gerbarny collecting (50 and more years). It is noted in Braslavyosky, Lepelsky and Postavsky districts of the Vitebsk Region, the Grodno, Smorgonsky and Shchuchinsky districts of the Grodno Region, Vileysk, Krupsk, Minsk, Myadelsk, Pukhovichsk, Smolevichsk, Soligorsk districts of the Minsk Region, the Babruysk, Bykhovsky, Glussky, Mogilev, Osipovichsky, Slavgorod districts of the Mogilev Region, Baranovichsk, Berezovsky, Brest, Drogichinsky, by Ivatsevichsk, Kobrinsk, Pinsk, Pruzhansk districts of the Brest Region. Zhitkovichsky, Zhlobinsky, Loyevsky, Mazyr, Recyca, Rogachevsky districts Gomel regional.
Zakustarenny low-lying and transitional bogs, damp and boggy sukhodolny and inundated meadows, edges and glades of the woods on low-lying and transitional bogs, coast of channels, ditches.
Facultative semi-parasitic plant. Blossoms in July - August. Entomofil. Breeds mainly seeds. Seeds ripen in August - September. Ballistas.
Number and tendency of its change:
Grows mainly small groups and single individuals, occasionally in places of growth has high number (in Drogichinsky and Kobrin districts). In some locations known earlier (in Brest, Minsk, vicinities of the Lake Narach, etc.) disappeared.
Major factors of threat:
Mainly anthropogenous: okulturivaniye of meadows (use of fertilizers and herbicides, grass burning out, etc.), violation of the water mode of the rivers and bogs, drying and meliorative works, early mowing, cattle pasture, recreational loadings, collecting of plants.
It is protected in territories of the Berezinyosky biospheric reserve, national parks "Bialowieza Forest", "Pripyat", "Narochansky", biological wildlife areas of "Buslovk" (Berezovsky the district) and "Zvanets" (Drogichinsky district), etc. Strict observance of the mode of protection in reserved territories, prohibition of economic activity in all authentically known places of growth (except late mowing), the organization of specialized wildlife areas in places of mass growth, control of a condition of the known populations, audit of earlier known locations and literary instructions, purposeful search of new habitats is necessary. It is necessary to find out a possibility of artificial moving of a look in suitable natural ecotops.
Originators: Dzhus M. A.