Grape-fern romashkolistny | Kobrin district | Tourist Kobrin

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Flora

GRAPE-FERN ROMASHKOLISTNY

Type: VASCULAR PLANTS (PLANTAE VASCULARES)
Department: PAPOROTNIKOOBRAZNYE (POLYPODIOPHYTA)
Class: PTEROID (POLYPODIOPSIDA)
Order: UZhOVNIKI (OPHIOGLOSSALES)
Family: UZhOVNIKOVYE (OPHIOGLOSSACEAE)

Look: BOTRYCHIUM MATRICARIIFOLIUM (A. BR. EX DTsLL) KOCH (= B. RAMOSUM (ROTH) ASCHERS., P.P.; B. RUTACEUM WILLD.).
          GRAZDO÷NIK RAMONKALISTY

Category of protection: 2



International importance:
It is included in the Red List of Belarus of the 2nd edition (1993). Is under the state protection in Lithuania, Poland and Latvia. It is included in the Appendix I to the Bern convention.

Description:
Perennial grassy korotkokornevishchny plant up to 20 cm high. Only not wintering vaya (sheet) it is differentiated on vegetative and sporiferous speak rapidly. The vegetative part departs above the middle of a plant on a short leg, oblong, plumose or, more rare, 2-peristorassechenny on 3-5 and more than couples of bladed or separate segments. Sporiferous part of a vaya on more or less long leg, 2-3-peristorassechennaya, panicled and branched.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
The main part of an area of standard subspecies is in Scandinavia, the Atlantic, Central and Eastern Europe, North America. In all area meets seldom, in some countries disappeared. In Belarus is on southeast border of the European part of an area, it is absent-mindedly widespread almost on all territory. Reliable collecting is available from Gorodoksky and Lepelsky districts of the Vitebsk Region, Oshmyansky district of the Grodno Region, Volozhinsky, Pukhovichsky and Stolbtsovsky districts of the Minsk Region, Osipovichsky district of the Mogilev Region, Kamenetsky and Pruzhansky districts of the Brest Region, Petrikovsky district of the Gomel Region. Instructions for Dokshitsky and Chashniksky districts of the Vitebsk Region demand confirmation. Earlier it was reported about location of a look in Smorgonsky district of the Grodno Region (the vicinity of of Rachuna) and Myadelsky district of the Minsk Region (the vicinity of of Shemetovo).

Habitats:
Extra inundated sukhodolny (mainly pustoshny) nizkotravny raznotravno-cereal meadows, mozhzhevelnichnik, pine light forests. The fir-tree and broad-leaved woods of kislichny type are more rare.

Biology:
Sporonosit at the end of May - the first half of June, in damp years later. After a sporonosheniye the elevated part often dries up.

Number and tendency of its change:
Grows single copies and small groups, the number of plants in population more than 100 is very rare. Viability and number of individuals varies depending on weather conditions (strongly decreases in droughty years). In some locations (Stolbtsovsky, Pukhovichsky districts) it is repeatedly not found (perhaps, disappeared).

Major factors of threat:
Pasture and run of cattle, grass burning out, recreational loadings (trampling), anthropogenous transformation of the woods and meadows (raspakhivaniye and actions for improvement of their kulturtekhnichesky state).

Protection measures:
It is protected in the Berezinsky biospheric reserve and National park "Bialowieza Forest". The organization of the wildlife area in Volozhinsky district with prohibition of any economic activity (except mowing in the second half of summer), control of a state and studying of dynamics of number of the known populations, purposeful search of new locations during the early summer period is necessary.

Originators: Blazhevich R. Yu., Dzhus M. A.