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Flora

PELTIGERA CHESHUENOSNAYA

Type: LICHENS (LICHENES)
Department: LICHENS (LICHENES)
Class: MARSUPIALS LICHENS (ASCOLICHENES)
Order: PELTIGERALNYE (PELTIGERALES)
Family: PELTIGEROVYE (PELTIGERACEAE)

Look:  PELTIGERA LEPIDOPHORA (NYL. EX VAIN.) BITTER
         PELTYGERA LUSKANOSNAYA

Category of protection: 2



International importance:
It is for the first time included in the Red List of Belarus. It is protected in Poland and Lithuania. It is included in the global Red list of lichens (IUCN Global red list of lichens).

Description:
Sloyevishche rounded bladed, medium-sized (20) mm with a diameter up to 10, with chashechkovidno concave, is more rare the flat, raised, slightly reinforced, integral or poorly made an incision edges of blades. The top surface olive or gray-brown, opaque, on edge of blades slightly pautinisty. Izidiya, horizontal, small (with a diameter up to 0,5 mm), flat or convex, roundish are disseminated through all top surface, is a little more dark than the top surface, sometimes with a whitish raid. The lower surface of a sloyevishch is lighter, with clearly the darkening veins expressed convex to the center. Rizina usually kositsevidny or uzkopuchkovidny, brown or dark brown.

Rasprostraniyeniye:
Europe, Asia, Africa, North America (USA), Greenland. In Belarus it is noted in Brest (Pruzhansky district), Minsk (Myadelsky district) and Vitebsk (Orshansky district) areas.

Habitats:
Grows on the soil and at the bases of deciduous trees on edges of the fir and deciduous forests.

Biology:
Are unknown to Apotetion. Breeds vegetativno (izidiya).

Number and tendency of its change:
Meets separate individuals or small groups; tends to reduction of number. The last collecting was made in 1982 in Myadelsky district 20 years ago.

Major factors of threat:
All views of cabins of the wood, drying and meliorative works, economic transformation of lands.

Protection measures:
"Bialowieza Forest" and "Narochansky" grows in territories of national parks (in the reserved territory of Blue lakes). The constant control of a condition of the known populations, implementation of purposeful search of new places of growth of a look in similar conditions and, if necessary, the organization of their protection, preservation of the habitats meeting the requirements of a look are necessary. For this purpose the ban of any silvicultural activity in places of growth and drying and meliorative works near its localities, restriction of recreational loads of a live ground cover, the prevention of economic transformation of lands is required.

Originators: V. V pigeons.