Type: LICHENS (LICHENES)
Department: LICHENS (LICHENES)
Class: MARSUPIALS LICHENS (ASCOLICHENES)
Order: LEKANORALNYE (LECANORALES)
Family: RAMALINOVYE (RAMALINACEAE)
Look: RAMALINA THRAUSTA (ACH.) NYL. (= ALECTORIA THRAUSTA ACH., RAMALINA CRINALIS (ACH.) GYELN.)
Category of protection: 3
It is for the first time included in the Red List of Belarus. It is protected in Poland and Lithuania.
Sloyevishche in the form of 20 cm of length hanging, sometimes reaching, light-or grayish-greenish, radial and bushy or flattened, especially in places of branchings at the basis, is closer to top of threadlike blades. Branches at the basis to 1 mm of thickness, gradually utonchayushchiyesya, roundish in section, are branched out on all length vilchato, with the korallovidny thickenings representing small whitish soral.
Europe, Asia and North America. A rare taiga relict of the subatlantic period which area stretches in a taiga zone throughout Golarktiki. In Belarus it is known in Brest (Pruzhansky district), Vitebsk (Orshansky district), Gomel (the Lelchitsky district) and Minsk (The Minsk and Myadelsky districts) areas.
Grows mainly in fir forests on deciduous and coniferous trees (is more often on branches of fir-trees).
Apotetion are absent. Breeds vegetativno (sorediya).
Number and tendency of its change:
Meets separate individuals, is more rare groups. From 6 locations known in the territory of Belarus, 5 it is noted in the protected natural territories.
Major factors of threat:
All views of cabins of the wood, drying melioration, economic transformation of lands.
"Bialowieza Forest", "Narochansky" and "Pripyat" grows in territories of national parks. Periodic control of a condition of the known populations and the organization of purposeful search of new places of growth of a look in similar conditions, preservation of the habitats meeting the requirements of a look are necessary. For this purpose the ban of any silvicultural activity in places of growth and a ban of drying and meliorative works near its localities is required.
Originators: V. V pigeons.