I remember the premilitary Kobrin. With the vigorous front song down the street there passes the column of Red Army men. Afterwards enthusiastic boys run, citizens come to balconies, to the yards, to gates. The words "and in each propeller the tranquility of our borders breathes" shade flight beauty of fighters in the sky over the city. I, the pupil of the 6th class, was already a sign with a gas mask, grenades and very much was proud of the Voroshilovsky Shooter badge.
Pilot Ivan Zamorin
Belarusian Ivan Zamorin was born in of Kostenk near Mogilev. Vanya began the labor life in 13 years - worked at garment factory as him. Volodarsk in Mogilev. Young men of those years were attracted by army, and daredevils dreamed to fly in the sky. In 19 years Ivan finished study in aero club and went the volunteer to army, then was enlisted in military school of fighter pilots in Borisoglebsk. In 1941 he completed 4-month courses of commanders of links at the 29th aviadivision of the Far East Front (DVF).
On June 20, 1942 the lieutenant Zamorin arrived to the Western front, to the 18th regiment of the 303rd division of the First air army. In this division from the deputy commander of an aviasquadron he grew to the commander of the 523rd destructive aviaregiment. The beginning of war for the pilot Zamorin was difficult. On August 19, 1942, after two months of stay at the front, YAK-7B four under its command, covering land troops over a front line, engaged from thirty "Henkel-IG" "covered" fifteen "ME-109". In unequal transient fight one "Henkel" and two "Messera" was brought down, attempt to bomb our troops is broken. However the plane of the lieutenant Zamorin was lined and lit up. But the pilot had enough will to hold on to the and to land in our territory. He got heavy burns of the face, hands and legs, to its half-dead pulled out from fire.
Four months in hospital of Ryazan proceeded its treatment. As a result doctors wrote off Zamorin from flight service and issued documents on the citizen. But the 24-year-old lieutenant solved differently. By passing cars and trains it reached the front, found the 18th regiment where just received new types of planes, and there were not enough pilots. Ivan Zamorin rose in the flaring war sky again.
Each fighting departure is a departure towards to death. The turned yellow typewritten pages of representation of the commander of the 18th regiment of the lieutenant colonel Golubov of September 17, 1943 to "assignment of a rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union to the commander of an aviasquadron captain Zamorin testify:
"... The squadron under the leadership of comrade Zamorin carried out 1124 fighting departures, from them:
- on maintenance of bombers - 213
- on maintenance of attack planes - 246
- on cover of the troops - 379
- on interception of planes of the opponent - 246
- on investigation of troops of the opponent and airfields - 16
- on blocking of airfields of the opponent - 11
- on attack of airfields of the opponent - 13
Executing the order of command on defeat of the German aggressors, the aircrew of a squadron made 213 air fights in which 51 planes of the opponent, from them are shot down: bombers - 36, fighters - 15 at loss of 2 flight crews".
Conclusion of command: ""Hero of the Soviet Union" deserves assignment of a rank. Commander 303 IAD major general of aircraft Zakharov. On September 26, 1943".
Conclusion of the Council of War of Army: "Deserves the highest Government award - assignment of a rank "Hero of the Soviet Union". Commander of 1 Air Army lieutenant general of aircraft of Thunders. On October 6, 1943".
Conclusion of the Council of War of the front: ""Hero of the Soviet Union" is worthy assignments of a rank. Top military commander of the Western front general Sokolovsky; Member of a Council of War of the Western front lieutenant general Bulganin. October, 1943".
As we see, it was absolutely difficult to be entitled the Hero. But assignment to his I. A. Zamorin did not take place, Leonid Khrushchev's death affected.
From the fighting characteristic: "Possesses excellent personal qualities, it is sustained, in the address it is correct, in fight it is confident, cunning works, it is tactically competent, the cowardice and untidiness is alien to it. At a meeting with superior forces
the opponent quickly and correctly makes the decision, it is courageous and vigorous, the practical experience and knowledge was able
transfers to staff, carrying away it the example in fight".
The front way of the fighter pilot Zamorin is noted by twenty thanks of the Supreme Commander I. V. Stalin. The pilot received five of them for liberation of Belarus: Vitebsk - on June 26, 1944, Orsha - on June 27, 1944, Minsk - on July 3, 1944, Grodno - on July 16, 1944, for speeding up of the Neman River - on July 31, 1944. In a month with small - 5 thanks Supreme! In these awards - and high rates of approach in the operation "Bagration", both a role of destructive aircraft, and improbable load of pilots, and moral encouragement of the air soldiers providing success to approach of land armies. In troops that general power of moral fighting spirit before which the fear receded was born and the belief in the Victory got stronger. I am a, infantry operator, more than once had that general and sacred feeling of patriotism.
Hero of France
One more important and brilliant page of the military biography of the pilot Ivan Aleksandrovich Zamorin - his participation in
military operations as a part of the glorified regiment "Normandy-Neman" together with pilots-volunteers from France that made him one of the most noticeable heroes of the Great Patriotic War.
Let's listen to a fragment from the remained speech of the pilot Zamorin before TV viewers: "There was a March, 1943. In the mornings over airfield the dense frosty haze hung. And when the frost began to hand over, fogs spread. Weather quite often was non-flying, but there was a war, and on weather, as a rule, the attention addressed a little, it was necessary to take off several times in day. Air fights then were especially fierce, there was a fight for domination in air.
Here during that busy fighting season in our regiment 15 French pilots under Jean Tuliava's command for the first time appeared. At first they made one squadron organized under the agreement between the French national committee headed by the patriotic general de Gol-lem, and our government. It was "Normandy". It represented the battling France on the Soviet-German front. Subsequently, when there arrived new groups of the French pilots-volunteers, the squadron was transformed to a regiment ("Normandy-Neman" - according to names of the French province and Belarusian Neman River. - Ampere-second.).
- I happened to carry out, - the colonel Zamorin continued, - it is a lot of air fights together with the French pilots and I can tell that they fought honestly and safely, showing samples of mutual revenue in fight. The French pilot de Seyn at an emergency in air refused to use a parachute, trying to save life of the fellow soldier mechanic Belozuba.
We together lived, had together a rest, gave parties of amateur performances, sang our songs which very much were pleasant to them. Until the end of war to me it was necessary to battle side by side against the French pilots against fascist aggressors. An eagle, Bryansk, Smolensk, Orsha, Vitebsk, Minsk, Kaunas, the cities of East Prussia - all these names appeared on cards in our tablets. As now I see the major Tyulyan - the hereditary pilot, the brave air fighter, the first commander of a squadron, and his successors - the captain Litolf, the major Puyad, the major Delfino, Risso, Alberto, de la Puana and others".
The highest awards of the Fatherland: with the Orders of Lenin and Alexander Nevsky, three awards of the Red Banner, two - Patriotic war, two - the Red Star awarded the Soviet government of Ivan Zamorin. Here on such air expert, the Belarusian, the French pilots-volunteers equaled in fight. They made 5240 fighting departures, carried out 869 air fights, brought down 268 and lined 80 planes of the opponent. All of them were awarded war decorations, and four - Marcel Albert, Roman de la Puan, Jean André and Marcel Lefebvre (posthumously) - became Heroes of the Soviet Union.
After war the Belarusian pilot I. A. Zamorin was awarded by French "A military cross" (20.05.1945) and awarded awards of the Honourable legion (21.11.1984) - the highest award of France. Her Ivan Aleksandrovich was personally handed by the president of France François Mitterrand in the Moscow Kremlin in commemoration of the 40 anniversary of the Victory in World War II.
One on all the Victory
The general came to all the Victory. Forever to me it was remembered on May 9, 1945: around the Latvian of Tukusma on the front our shock the 357th the Orders of Suvorov of a shooting division Hitlerite troops laid down arms. How many pleasure and happiness! Soldiers embrace, congratulating each other, scorch in the sky rockets and fighting fire - salute to long-awaited first day of the Great Victory.
In June, 1945 several transport planes with staff of the regiment "Normandy-Neman" rose in air and headed for France. The encryption came to this moment in the 303rd aviadivision - the Soviet government decided to present to the French pilots their fighting vehicles. On radio to planes gave the order to return back. The French creators of a general victory met by a storm of delight a message. When the air system of "Yaks" with red stars appeared over Paris, its inhabitants moved on Burzhe's airfield. France met the heroes. This Day spontaneously turned into a holiday.
In the history of the Norman city of Lez-Andeli there are many nice pages devoted to development of the French aircraft. The mansion is allocated for the museum of the regiment "Normandy-Neman" in the city. The director of this museum Robert Lefebvre (the brother of the died Marcel Lefebvre) collected not one decade a collection of the museum. The city square of the city of Lez-Andeli bears a name of the regiment "Normandy-Neman". The name of Ivan Aleksandrovich Zamorin severe military memory forever pulled together two cities - Lezandeli and Kobrin, pulled together two states - Belarus and France.
The fighter pilot lived in Kobrin
A. I. Zamorin spent two last decades of the life in Kobrin. He lived together with the wife, to visit parents quite often there came from Kaliningrad the daughter with grandsons. Ivan Aleksandrovich was in close friendship with Plotnikov Fyodor Gerasimovich (1920-1994), the former deputy commander of a squadron of the 18th Guards destructive aviaregiment. It did not lose touch and with front friends, Soviet and French, went to Moscow on meetings in Victory anniversaries. Did not write memoirs. "About me it is also very much written", - said to me, happened. Loved the nature. Before its balcony on Pushkin St., 1 several years the linden withered. Once Ivan Aleksandrovich came to me with a shovel and Alexey told ", went!" . In a detsadika we asked a two-wheeled cart and near park dug out a suitable chestnut. Hardly shipped. Only having put, noticed that a curve sapling trunk. Many weeks we by means of a wire straightened it, and eventually the chestnut became straight lines. In the evenings Ivan Aleksandrovich liked to water this tree. Kobrin accepted the hero on eternal rest. And now only a chestnut as if the string tense vertically, costs on Pushkin Street live memory of the glorified pilot.
Alexey Sushchuk, Kobrin-inform newspaper, on November 18, 2004.