Malakho¸sk_ Uladz_sla ў Yulyanav_ch

Yes a nashaga to hour of zastayetsets shmat unsolved the old NAC belaruskay g_stor і, yashche bolsh zastayetsets nevyadomy a _myona ў і a prozv_shcha ў ours the fellow countryman ў, yak_ya ¸nesl_ znachna ¸klad at susvetny g_storyyu. Yes to a l_k tak_kh persons nalezhyts Uladz_sla ў Yulyanav_ch Malakho¸sk_.

Uladz_sla ў Malakho¸sk_ - stvaralnik a pratatypa of "Kodak"

Uladz_sla ў Malakho¸sk_ naradz і ў sya ў 1827 to a godza ў Matse Kobrynskaga mayontka of a pavet of Grodzenskay gubern_ (syonnya geta of Kobrynsk_ of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences of Brestskay voblasts і). Paslya of a hatnyag navuchannya yunak nabyva ў Veda ў Sv_slatskay g_mnaz іі, yaky adkryla road ў light mnog_m slavuty lyudzyam Belarus_. Paslya g_mnaz іі vuchy¸sya ў Petsyarburgsk_m _nstytuyets of a way ў znos_n. There, at tagachasnay stal_ets of Ras_yskay _mper і, і avalodal_ to malady chalaveka _de_ baratsba for the pera¸tvareena of a gramadstvo. Malakho¸sk_ naladz і ў contacts z secret revalyutsyynay argan_zatsyyay raznachynets ў "Zyamlya і will". At Petsyarburgu Uladz_sl ў we learn і ў sya z Kastusyom Kal_no¸sk_m. To Tam, kal_ it was started to the pa¸stayena a stalemate to k_ra¸n_tstva of Kal_no¸skaga, members argan_zatsy_ "Zyamlya і will" ¸stup_l_ ў the union z partyyay "chyrvony". Malakho¸sk_ a prykla ў shmat namagannya ў, incorporated bank peratvaryts to a getaa to the vystupleena va to a ¸seras_yskaa to a syalyanskaa to the pa¸stayena for zyamlyu і will. Yong of hundred ў adny z k_ra¸n_ko ў party_ "chyrvony": loan ў to the posad of a nachaln_k of pa¸stanets ў V_ln_. Kal_ ў V_ln_ zastavatsets there was a nebyaspechna, Malakho¸sk_ ў 1863 to a godza perabra¸sya for a myazha — at Kyon_gsberg, a dza zayma¸sya purchase і dasta¸kay zbro_ for pa¸stanets ў Kal_no¸skaga. The Udzeln_cha ў at vydann_ Glaus Z L_tva newspapers.

Paslya zadushennya pa¸stannya Kal_no¸skaga Malakho¸sk_ of a vyekh ў at Londan, a dza zhy ў a stalemate _my Leon Varnerke. At angl_yskay stal_ets ours zyamlyak a zasnava ў an ulasny f_rma, yaky zaymalasya fotaspravay. Uzho praz pyats a reptile ў a gety f_rma became wide vyadomay va ¸syoy to Zakhodnyay E¸ropa. Geta was become dzyakuyucha namagannyam Uladz_slava Malakho¸skaga, yak_ a vynaysha ў a spetsyyalny prylada — sens_tometr, and ў 1875 to a godza of a skanstruyav ў fotaaparat sa skruchanay kasetay, yak_ spetsyyal_sta l_chats to pratatypa of "Kodak". Are important ¸klad carried away Malakho¸sk_ ў itself pratses fatagrafavannya: fotaplasts_nk_ yon zamyan і ў on the film covered bromserabry. adkryzzyo vykl_kat Iago peravarot at susvetnay to a fotasprava, pakolk_ the n_chog of a padobnag dagetul at sveets was not. Malakho¸sk_ pacha ў ezdz_ts pas different kra_ na і prapagandavats pile adkryzz_. Pabyva ў і ў Races іі — at Maskve ў 1882 to a godza of a prakhodz_l the Useras_ysky vystava. Adkryzzyam_ fellow countryman's nashaga zakhaplya¸sya vyadoma ras_ysk_ vuchony-h_m_k Dzm_try Mendzyaly ў. Uladz_sla ў Yulyanav_ch of an abmyarko¸v ў to times sa slavuty vuchony _deyu ab zasnavann_ sektsy_ fatagraf іі Ras_yskaga of a _mperatarskag of a tekhn_chnag of a tavarystvo. At a vyn_ka of a get _deya spra¸dz_lasya.

F_rma Malakho¸skaga of a _mkl_v razv_valasya. Svedchannem of a getag sluzhyl_ shmatl_k_ya f_l_yala not tolk_ ў Vyal_kabrytan іі, Alya і ў _nshy e¸rapeysk_kh kra_na. To Alya, on it is a pity, dzeynasts f_rma there was an azmrochana abv_navachvannyam_ ў vykarystann_ false ras_ysk_kh rublyo ў adny z a f_l_yala ў labaratory_. Malakho¸skaga's v_na ў z'ya¸lenn_ false groshay at a sudza was not proved by Paznya. Veragodna, tak_m to chyna vyrashyl_ padstav_ts paspyakhovaga of a vynakhodn_k of Iago Kankurenta. Magchyma, byl_ _nshyya prychyna. Bespadsta¸nyya abv_navachvann_ vykl_kal_ tsyazhk_ya perazhyvann_ ў Malakho¸skaga. Nyagledzyacha on apra¸dalna verdykt vessels, a dushe¸naa to the supakayeena not pryyshlo: 7 kastrychn_k of 1900 of Uladz_sl ў Malakho¸sk і, panut not vytryma¸sha of moral, zastrel і ў sya.

Nevyadoma, ts_ z'yav_lasya f_rma "Kodak", fotaaparata yaky syonnya karystayutsets papulyarnastsyu va ¸s_m sveets, kal_ belarusky zyamlya not a padaryla to Uladz_slav Malakho¸skaga's light.

Pakhodzhanne prozvishcha
To hours to the pakhodzhayena of a prozv_shch of Malakho¸sk_ zvyazvayuts z _my Molakh's bazhastvo, yaky ¸pam_nayetsets ў B_bl іі. Molakh at p_smovy kryn_ets of ap_svayetsets ў to a vyglyadza of a chalavek z Galawa of a bull і pratsyagnutym_ ¸perad rukam_. Asabl_vastsyu paklanennya to a getam to a bazhastvo was to the prynyaseena ў to an akhvyar dzyatsy, yak_kh spalval_ on agn_. To Tam, v_dats, і ¸zn_kla to the merkavayena that ў dalyok_m m_nuly nekatoryya batsk і, incorporated bank of a zastseragcha dzyatsy hell uzdzeyannya angry s_l, magl_ davats _m _mya Molakh, yaky pazny perayshlo ў prozv_shcha. Adnak such thought of a nelg l_chyts navukova abgruntavanay. Paklanyal_sya to God Molakh s_ryyets, f_n_k_nena, aman_tsena. For ¸skhodneslavyansk_kh zyamel Molakh's cult not ў are characteristic.

Navukova is proved that ў a basis of a prozv_shch of Malakho¸sk_ of a pakladzen to a starazhytnaa to a hrysts_yanskaa to a kananan_chnaa _mya Malakh_ya, yaky pryyshlo yes us sa starazhytnaya¸reyskay mova, a dza of a l_taraln meant "messenger Boga". _mya Malakh_ya zredka of f_ksuyetsets ў starabelarusk_kh pomn_ka of the XVI—XVII stst.: from sir Malachi Andreevich Kazkevich (G_storyka-yurydychnyya materyyala, atrymanyya z assembly kn_g V_tsebskay і Mag_lyo¸skay gubernya ў, 1691). To Alya Naybolshaye to the raspa¸syudzhayena of a get to a tsarko¸naa _mya ў belaruskay to mova of an atrymal ў dzvyukh forms: Malafey і Malakh: Malakh Nasov_ch (1614, Arshansk_ pavt), Malakh _vanav_ch (Mag_lyo ў, 1635), Malafey Kananov_ch (M_nsk_ pavt).


 

Suchasnyya Malakho¸skiya
The Prozv_shcha of Malakho¸sk_ davol_ is frequent sustrakayetsets on terytory_ suchasnay Belarus_: Brasla¸sk і, Verkhnyadzv_nsk і, V_tsebsk і, Myorsk і, Lyoznensk і, Rasonsk і, Talachynsk і, Ushatsk_ of rayona V_tsebskay voblasts і; Loye¸sk і, Rechytsk і, Chachersk_ of a rayona of Gomelskay voblasts і; Vorana¸sk і, Dzyatla¸sk і, Karel_tsk і, L_dsk_ rayona of Grodzenskay voblasts і; K_ra¸sk і, Kl_mav_tsk і, Kl_cha¸sk і, Krycha¸sk і, Sla¸garadsk_ of a rayona of Mag_lyo¸skay voblasts і; Barysa¸sk і, Valozhynsk і, M_nsk і, Pukhav_tsk і, Slutsk і, Smalyav_tsk і, Kletsk_ of rayona M_nskay voblasts і, city of M_nsk. Neadnarazova on our lands of adznachayutsets і adnakaranyovyya prozv_shcha: Malakh (Beshankov_tsk і, Chashn_tsk_ of rayona V_tsebskay voblasts і; As_pov_tsk_ Russian Academy of Natural Sciences of Mag_lyo¸skay voblasts і), Malakh (Ashmyansk і, Karel_tsk_ of a rayona of Grodzenskay voblasts і; Mag_lyo¸sk_ Russian Academy of Natural Sciences), Malakh ў (Byaroza¸sk і, _vatsev_tsk і, Kamyanetsk і, Lun_netsk_ of a rayona of Brestskay voblasts і; Arshansk і, Garadotsk і, Dubrovensk і, Lyoznensk і, Pasta¸sk і, Polatsk і, Rasonsk і, Sennensk і, Talachynsk і, Ushatsk і, Shum_l_nsk_ of rayona V_tsebskay voblasts і; Buda-Kashalyo¸sk і, Loye¸sk і, Ragacho¸sk і, Rechytsk і, Svetlagorsk_ of a rayona of Gomelskay voblasts і; Berastav_tsk_ Russian Academy of Natural Sciences of Grodzenskay voblasts і; Babruysk і, Bykha¸sk і, Byalyn_tsk і, Glusk і, Goratsk і, Kastsyukov_tsk і, K_ra¸sk і, Kl_mav_tsk і, Krasnapolsk і, Krycha¸sk і, Mag_lyo¸sk і, Msts_sla¸sk і, Sla¸garadsk_ of a rayona of Mag_lyo¸skay voblasts і; Slutsk і, Sta¸btso¸sk_ of rayona M_nskay voblasts і; city of M_nsk), Malakhvey (Va¸kavysk і, Sv_slatsk_ of a rayona of Grodzenskay voblasts і; Nyasv_zhsk_ Russian Academy of Natural Sciences M_nskay voblasts і), Malakhov_ch (Baranav_tsk і, P_nsk_ rayona of Brestskay voblasts і; Verkhnyadzv_nsk і, Dubrovensk_ of rayona V_tsebskay voblasts і; Astravetsk і, Slon_msk_ of a rayona of Grodzenskay voblastsi).

Zvyazda newspaper, 2013-04-23

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